History tells us that the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell, a Scot who had moved to Canada and was living in Boston at the time of the discovery. Bell and his assistant, Thomas A. Watson, filed his patent prior to Elisha Gray to become the legal inventor of the telephone.
By clicking below you will find a wealth of information about the history of the telephone as well as information about Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray.

Bell's Path to the Telephone,, Mike Gorman's extensive documentation on early telephony

Bell's First Patent: #174,465 

Drawing of Bell's Gallows Phone

Bell or Gray? Who had the idea first?

Elisha Gray's caveat as filed with the US Patent Office, 2/14/1876

Bell's Notebook